Bacterial biosynthesis of alginates

Iain Hay, Zahid Ur Rehman, Aamir Ghafoor, Bernd H A Rehm

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84 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Alginates are polysaccharides with many industrial and medical uses, from food additives to encapsulation agents in the emerging transplantation technologies. Alginate is composed of variable proportions of ?-D-mannuronic acid and a-L-guluronic acid linked by 1-4 glycosidic bonds. Traditionally, commercial alginate has been produced by farmed brown seaweeds, but this alginate suffers from heterogeneity in composition and quality partly due to environmental variation. Two bacterial genera, Pseudomonas and Azotobacter, are also capable of producing alginate as an exopolysaccharide. These bacterial alginate producers can provide the means to produce alginates with defined monomer composition and possibly through genetic and protein engineeringmay allow for the production of tailormade bacterial alginates. The paper discusses themechanisms behind alginate production in bacteria and how theymay be used in the commercial production of alginates
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)752 - 759
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
Volume85
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

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