B-cell prolymphocytic leukemia: A specific subgroup of mantle cell lymphoma

Vincent H J Van Der Velden, Patricia G. Hoogeveen, Dick De Ridder, Magdalena Schindler-van Der Struijk, Menno C. Van Zelm, Mathijs Sanders, Dennis Karsch, H. Berna Beverloo, King Lam, Alberto Orfao, Pieternella J. Lugtenburg, Sebastian Böttcher, Jacques J M Van Dongen, Anton W. Langerak, Mies Kappers-Klunne, Kirsten Van Lom

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39 Citations (Scopus)


B-cell prolymphocytic leukemia (B-PLL) is a rare mature B-cell malignancy that may be hard to distinguish from mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). B-PLL cases with a t(11;14) were redefined as MCL in the World Health Organization 2008 classification. We evaluated 13 B-PLL patients [7 being t(11;14)-positive (B-PLL+) and 6 negative (B-PLL-)] and compared them with MCL and CLL patients. EuroFlow-based immunophenotyping showed significant overlap between B-PLL+ and B-PLL-, as well as between B-PLL and MCL, whereas CLL clustered separately. Immunogenotyping showed specific IGHV gene usage partly resembling MCL. Gene expression profiling showed no separation between B-PLL+ and B-PLL- but identified 3 subgroups. One B-PLL subgroup clustered close to CLL and another subgroup clustered with leukemic MCL; both were associated with prolonged survival. A third subgroup clustered close to nodal MCL and was associated with short survival. Gene expression profiles of both B-PLL+ and B-PLL- showed best resemblance with normal immunoglobulin M-only B-cells. Our data confirm that B-PLL+ is highly comparable to MCL, indicate that B-PLL- also may be considered as a specific subgroup of MCL, and suggest that B-PLL is part of a spectrum, ranging from CLL-like B-PLL, to leukemic MCL-like B-PLL, to nodal MCL-like B-PLL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)412-419
Number of pages8
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jul 2014
Externally publishedYes

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