Azure A mediated polypyrrole-based amperometric nitrate biosensor

Samuel Adeloju, Manzar Sohail

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    The co-entrapment of Aspergillus niger-nitrate reductase (NaR) and azure A (AzA), as a redox mediator has been investigated for fabrication of a polypyrrole (PPy)-based electron mediated amperometric nitrate biosensor. Optimum formation of PPy-NaR-AzA film was achieved in a monomer solution which contained 0.3 M Py, 0.1 M KCl, 1U/mL NaR, 50 mu M AzA with an applied current density of 0.5 mA/cm(2) for 240 s. The optimum applied potential of -0.25 V for amperometric detection of nitrate with PPy-NaR-AzA biosensor was 50, 100 and 150 mV more positive than those achieved with the use of safranin O (Saf), methyl viologen (MV) and bromophenol blue (BrB) or red (BrR), respectively, as mediators. Similar optimum applied of -0.25 V was achieved with thionin acetate (ThAc) which was in the same phenothiazine group of mediators as AzA. The electron mediated amperometric detection of nitrate with the PPy-NaR-AzA biosensor also gave the best performance with a sensitivity of 40.8 nA mu M(-1) cm(-2), detection limit of 0.5 mu M, a response time of 18-20 s and a linear concentration range of 20-500 mu M.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)987 - 996
    Number of pages10
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

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