Azimuthal decomposition of the radiated noise from supersonic shock-containing jets

Marcus H. Wong, Rhiannon Kirby, Peter Jordan, Daniel Edgington-Mitchell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Acoustic measurements of unheated supersonic underexpanded jets with ideally expanded Mach numbers of 1.14, 1.38, and 1.50 are presented. Of the three components of supersonic jet noise, the focus is on the broadband shock-associated noise (BBSAN) component. Motivated by the modelling of BBSAN using the wavepacket framework, a traversable microphone ring is used to decompose the acoustic pressure into azimuthal Fourier modes. Unlike noise radiated downstream, BBSAN is dominated by azimuthal modes 1-3, which are approximately 3-4 dB/St stronger than the axisymmetric component. Crucially, the relative contribution of successive modes to BBSAN is sensitive to the observer angle and jet operating condition. Four azimuthal modes are necessary to reconstruct the total BBSAN signal to within 1 dB/St accuracy for the conditions presented here. The analysis suggests, however, that the number of modes required to maintain this accuracy increases as the peak frequency shifts upward. The results demonstrate the need to carefully consider the azimuthal content of BBSAN when comparing acoustic measurements to predictions made by jet noise models built on instability theory.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2015-2027
Number of pages13
JournalThe Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2020

Cite this