Background: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a common underdiagnosed autosomal dominant lipid disorder carrying a significant risk of premature coronary artery disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the awareness and knowledge of heterozygous FH of healthcare providers in coronary care units (CCUs). Methods: Medical staff working in CCUs in 4 sizable metropolitan health networks in Melbourne, Australia, were requested to complete a structured anonymised questionnaire with regard to FH. The results were tabulated and analysed with the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 23 (IBM, New York, NY). Results: A total of 121 participants (67% response rate) completed the survey. Some 76% claimed to be at least modestly familiar with FH, and more than half of them adequately described FH; however, only 16% and 43%, respectively, were aware of the prevalence of FH and existence of lipid guidelines. In regard to epidemiological knowledge and update in the management of FH in CCUs, knowledge was suboptimal. In regard to FH care, General Practitioners were rated by 72% of participants as the first most efficient healthcare provider in the management of FH, and cardiologists were rated by 54% of participants as the second most efficient healthcare provider in the management of FH. Some 36% of respondents advocated a form of alert system in laboratory reports to facilitate the diagnosis of FH. Conclusions: This survey identified substantial gaps in the knowledge and awareness of FH among healthcare providers involved in the management of acute coronary syndrome. Focused education and clinical training are warranted to raise awareness of FH among healthcare providers working in CCUs.