We report a novel activating mutation (E604K) of the calcium-sensing receptor in a family with autosomal dominant hypocalcemia. Whereas all affected individuals exhibited marked hypocalcemia, some cases with untreated hypocalcemia exhibited seizures in infancy, whereas others were largely asymptomatic from birth into adulthood. The missense mutation E604K (G2182A; GenBank accession no. U20759), which affects an amino acid residue in the C terminus of the cysteine-rich domain of the extracellular head, cosegregated with hypocalcemia in all seven individuals for whom DNA was available. Two unaffected, normocalcemic members of the family did not exhibit the mutation. The molecular impact of the mutation on two key components of the signaling response was assessed in HEK-293 cells transiently transfected with cDNA corresponding to either the wild-type calcium-sensing receptor or the E604K mutation derived by site-directed mutagenesis. There was a significant leftward shift in the concentration response curves for the effects of extracellular Ca(2+) on both intracellular Ca(2+) mobilization (determined by aequorin luminescence) and MAPK activity (determined by luciferase expression). The C terminus of the cysteine-rich domain of the extracellular head may normally act to suppress receptor activity in the presence of low extracellular Ca(2+) concentrations.
|Pages (from-to)||605 - 610|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism|
|Publication status||Published - 2003|