Autism spectrum disorder

Nicole J. Rinehart, Jane McGillivray, Melissa Kirkovski, Katrina Williams

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Otherpeer-review

Abstract

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental condition characterised by impairments in social communication and behaviour. This chapter shows that motor impairment, sleep disorder and epilepsy are common complications in children with ASD. Awareness of the multi-dimensional, multi-brain system conceptualization of ASD has seen intervention frameworks move away from the notion of 'curing ASD' toward interventions that enable individuals with ASD to adjust to their environment and delivering targeted interventions tailored to each individual's unique clinical presentation and their family's needs and preferences. Social frameworks and intervention approaches have also made us aware that adjustment of the environment and our acceptance of difference can maximise participation for individuals with ASD. In general, the cognitive profile of ASD tends to be characterised by uneven verbal and non-verbal profiles, with intact, or superior, ability for tasks requiring a high degree of attention to detail, such as visuospatial processing, matrix reasoning and block design tasks.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDevelopmental Disorders of the Brain
EditorsNicole J. Rinehart, John L. Bradshaw, Peter G. Enticott
Place of PublicationOxon UK
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Chapter7
Pages99-118
Number of pages20
Edition2nd
ISBN (Electronic)9781315692289
ISBN (Print)9781138911888
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

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