Autism in context 1: classification, counting and causes

Katrina Williams, Susan Woolfenden, Jacqueline Roberts, Sylvia Rodger, Lawrence Bartak, Margot Prior

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleOtherpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This review paper describes our current perspective of autism spectrum disorders (ASD), taking into account past, current and future classification systems and the evolving definitions of ASD. International prevalence rates from 1965 to 2012 are presented and key issues, including whether there is an epidemic of autism and what this means in terms of thinking about possible causes of autism, are discussed. Also discussed is the need for high quality national data collection in Australia and the evidence, and lack of evidence, for the many theoretical causes of ASD. The lack of robust classification of autism along with limited high quality evidence base about its prevalence and possible causes leaves ample space for future discoveries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-340
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Volume50
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • behavioural
  • developmental
  • international child health

Cite this

Williams, K., Woolfenden, S., Roberts, J., Rodger, S., Bartak, L., & Prior, M. (2014). Autism in context 1: classification, counting and causes. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 50(5), 335-340. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpc.12451