Authority tools: pervasive, persistent and powerful

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Authority tools, namely licenses, permits, certificates, registration and accreditation, are amongst the oldest and most pervasive forms of regulation involving all levels of government. This chapter examines the various forms of authorization, the reasons for their enduring popularity, the relationship between private authorizers and government, their effects on competition and the burdens they impose on regulatees. With the ‘de-centering’ of the state, the increasing involvement of private parties in regulation and the growth of digital technologies able to address information asymmetries, the changing nature of authority tools is discussed as the role of government adapts to incorporate, supervise or authorize emerging modes of authorization.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRoutledge Handbook of Policy Design
EditorsMichael Howlett, Ishani Mukherjee
Place of PublicationNew York NY USA
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9781351252911, 9781351252904, 9781351252898, 9781351252928
ISBN (Print)9780815369189
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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