Australia and New Zealand

Karin Leder, Joseph Torresi, Marc Shaw

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Other

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Australia has both temperate and tropical areas, the temperate areas being the southern and coastal regions, and the tropical areas being central and northern Australia. Temperate Australia and New Zealand have similar health services and diseases, with the risks of most common community illnesses (e.g., gastroenteritis, respiratory viruses) being similar to those in other developed countries globally. However, a number of diseases found in temperate Australia have never been reported from New Zealand, including Ross River virus (RRV), Murray valley encephalitis (MVE), Barmah Forest virus (BFV), Q fever, tick typhus, scrub typhus, Hendra virus, lyssavirus, and Mycobacterium ulcerans. The tropical areas of Australia are sparsely populated, have relatively basic medical services, and have different disease patterns. Especially among Australian Aborigines, there are high rates of infections such as Strongyloides stercoralis, HTLV-1, rheumatic fever, trachoma, melioidosis, and scabies.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInfectious Diseases: A Geographic Guide
EditorsEskild Petersen, Lin H Chen, Patricia Schlagenhauf
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
Pages326-340
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)9780470655290
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 May 2011

Keywords

  • Australia and New Zealand
  • Bacterial and mycobacterial infections
  • Ear, nose and throat infections
  • Epidemiology of meningococcal disease - pattern seen in industrialized nations
  • Fever without focal symptoms
  • Infections of liver, spleen and peritoneum
  • Murray valley encephalitis (MVE) - infrequent disease, Northern Territory, South Australia
  • Pulmonary symptoms, for more than 4 weeks - in the immunocompromised host
  • Ross River virus (RRV), Murray valley encephalitis (MVE), Barmah Forest virus (BFV), Q fever, tick typhus
  • Spotted fever group, Queensland tick typhus - by Rickettsia australis

Cite this

Leder, K., Torresi, J., & Shaw, M. (2011). Australia and New Zealand. In E. Petersen, L. H. Chen, & P. Schlagenhauf (Eds.), Infectious Diseases: A Geographic Guide (pp. 326-340). John Wiley & Sons. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119971641.ch24