Augmented renal clearance in traumatic brain injury: A single-center observational study of atrial natriuretic peptide, cardiac output, and creatinine clearance

Andrew A. Udy, Paul Jarrett, Melissa Lassig-Smith, Janine Stuart, Therese Starr, Rachel Dunlop, Renae Deans, Jason A. Roberts, Siva Senthuran, Robert James Boots, Kavita Bisht, Andrew C. Bulmer, Jeffrey Lipman

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Abstract

Augmented renal clearance (ARC) is being increasingly described in neurocritical care practice. The mechanisms driving this phenomenon are largely unknown. The aim of this project was therefore to explore changes in renal function, cardiac output (CO), and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) concentrations in patients with isolated traumatic brain injury (TBI). This prospective observational cohort study was conducted in a tertiary-level, university-affiliated intensive care unit (ICU). Patients with normal plasma creatinine concentrations (<120 μmol/L) at admission and no history of chronic kidney disease, admitted with isolated TBI, were eligible for enrollment. Continuous CO measures were obtained using arterial pulse waveform analysis. Eight-hour urinary creatinine clearances (CLCR) were used to quantify renal function. ANP concentrations in plasma were measured on alternate days. Data were collected from study enrollment until ICU discharge, death, or day 15, which ever came first. Eleven patients, contributing 100 ICU days of physiological data, were enrolled into the study. Most participants were young men, requiring mechanical ventilation. Median ICU length of stay was 9.6 [7.8-13.0] days. Elevated CLCR measures (>150 mL/min) were frequent and appeared to parallel changes in CO. Plasma ANP concentrations were also significantly elevated over the study period (minimum value = 243 pg/mL). These data suggest that ARC is likely to complicate the care of TBI patients with normal plasma creatinine concentrations, and may be driven by associated cardiovascular changes and/or elevated plasma ANP concentrations. However, significant additional research is required to further understand these findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-144
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neurotrauma
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • biomarkers
  • clinical management of CNS injury
  • traumatic brain injury

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