Augmented reality as a tool for authentic learning of clinical skills in early years of medical training

Arkendu Sen, Calvin L.K. Chuen, Shiang Harn Liew, Aye Chan Zay Hta

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


To ensure adequate skill competencies, many medical schools with large student cohorts have introduced clinical skills practice in the early years. However, the range of clinical signs that can be simulated on a standardised patient (SP) – an actor, is limited while physical elicitation of clinical signs on authentic patients by numerous novice students or on themselves as peers, may be discomforting or unsafe. Augmented Reality (AR) has the affordance of incorporating the virtual to a real life clinical space unlike a fully virtual environment (virtual reality). AR of real-life clinical signs can allow simultaneous authentic learning and multiple clinical skills practice and addresses the concerns of discomfort of clinical skills practices of actual patients by novice medical students. A literature review on current instances of AR technology to aid authentic learning of clinical skills is discussed in light of these affordances. Alongside, our pilot work on developing an AR application - Clinical Augmented Reality Objects in Physical Examination (CAROPE), for the simulation of gastrointestinal signs is illustrated briefly. CAROPE has shown that mobile learning through AR of authentic clinical signs superimposed on specific areas of the body is achievable and accessible with current technology and has the potential in enhancing learning and facilitating clinical skills practice.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTomorrow’s Learning
Subtitle of host publicationInvolving Everyone. Learning with and about Technologies and Computing - 11th IFIP TC 3 World Conference on Computers in Education, WCCE 2017, Revised Selected Papers
EditorsArthur Tatnall, Mary Webb
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9783319743103
ISBN (Print)9783319743097
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventIFIP World Conference on Computers in Education (WCCE) 2017 - Dublin, Ireland
Duration: 3 Jul 20176 Jul 2017
Conference number: 11th (Proceedings) (11th IFIP TC 3 World Conference on Computers in Education, WCCE 2017, Dublin, Ireland, July 3-6, 2017, Revised Selected Papers)

Publication series

NameIFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology
ISSN (Print)1868-4238
ISSN (Electronic)1868-422X


ConferenceIFIP World Conference on Computers in Education (WCCE) 2017
Abbreviated titleWCCE 2017
Internet address


  • Augmented reality
  • Authentic learning
  • Clinical skills
  • Early years
  • Medical education

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