Abstract Financial and employment concerns are frequently identified as salient factors in womena??s childbearing behaviour in low fertility, developed countries. The contribution of attitudinal variables is not well understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between attitudes toward women and motherhood and womena??s childbearing desires and outcomes. A broadly representative sample of 569 women aged 30a??34 years living in Victoria, one Australian state, was recruited from the Australian Electoral Roll.