Atrial versus ventricular cannulation for a rotary ventricular assist device

Daniel Timms, Shaun Gregory, Po Lin Hsu, Bruce Thomson, Mark Pearcy, Keith McNeil, John Fraser, Ulrich Steinseifer

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19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The ventricular assist device inflow cannulation site is the primary interface between the device and the patient. Connecting these cannulae to either atria or ventricles induces major changes in flow dynamics; however, there are little data available on precise quantification of these changes. The objective of this investigation was to quantify the difference in ventricular/vascular hemodynamics during a range of left heart failure conditions with either atrial (AC) or ventricular (VC) inflow cannulation in a mock circulation loop with a rotary left VAD. Ventricular ejection fraction (EF), stroke work, and pump flow rates were found to be consistently lower with AC compared with VC over all simulated heart failure conditions. Adequate ventricular ejection remained with AC under low levels of mechanical support; however, the reduced EF in cases of severe heart failure may increase the risk of thromboembolic events. AC is therefore more suitable for class III, bridge to recovery patients, while VC is appropriate for class IV, bridge to transplant/destination patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)714-720
Number of pages7
JournalArtificial Organs
Volume34
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cannula
  • Heart failure
  • Rotary blood pump
  • Ventricular assist device

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