Asymmetric ratchet effect for directional transport of fog drops on static and dynamic butterfly wings

Chengcheng Liu, Jie Ju, Yongmei Zheng, Lei Jiang

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153 Citations (Scopus)


Inspired by novel creatures, researchers have developed varieties of fog drop transport systems and made significant contributions to the fields of heat transferring, water collecting, antifogging, and so on. Up to now, most of the efforts in directional fog drop transport have been focused on static surfaces. Considering it is not practical to keep surfaces still all the time in reality, conducting investigations on surfaces that can transport fog drops in both static and dynamic states has become more and more important. Here we report the wings of Morpho deidamia butterflies can directionally transport fog drops in both static and dynamic states. This directional drop transport ability results from the micro/nano ratchet-like structure of butterfly wings: the surface of butterfly wings is composed of overlapped scales, and the scales are covered with porous asymmetric ridges. Influenced by this special structure, fog drops on static wings are transported directionally as a result of the fog drops’ asymmetric growth and coalescence. Fog drops on vibrating wings are propelled directionally due to the fog drops’ asymmetric dewetting from the wings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1321-1329
Number of pages9
JournalACS Nano
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 25 Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes

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