Asthma is more prevalent in rural NSW than Melbourne

Rosalie Woods, Debbie Burton, Cathryn Wharton, Geoff McKenzie, Haydn Walters, Michael Abramson, Elizabeth Comino

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting AbstractOtherpeer-review

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Abstract

Respiratory diseases are a major public health problem in Australia. This study compares the prevalence rates of major respiratory health indices in both a rural and metropolitan setting using the same methodology. Methods: A cross-sectional postal survey gathered data on self-reported respiratory symptoms using a validated screening questionnaire. Responses were sought from 2 random electoral roll samples of 20-44 year olds. The samples consisted of 4456 Melbourne adults & 4558 adults from the Riverina, NSW. Results: Response rates of 72% (n=3195) [Melbourne] & 68.5% (n=3121) [Riverina] were achieved. Respiratory indicator Melbourne Riverina #p<0.001 ;tp<0.05 Prevalence (95% Cl) Prevalence (95% Cl) Wheeze in past 12 months 26% (24-28) 27% (25-29) Nocturnal dyspnea# 9% (8-10) 11% (10-12) Asthma attack in past 12 months# 9% (8-10) 12% (11 -13) Asthma ever# 20% (19-22) 24% (22-25) Dr. diagnosed asthma# 18% ( 17-20) 22% (20-23) Current asthma medication 10%(9-11) 11%(10-12) Cough & phlegm production† 14% (13-16) 16% (15-18) Nasal allergies 42% (41-44) 44% (42-46) Ever smoked† 43% (41-44) 45% (43-47) Current smoker 23% (22-25) 25% (24-27) Conclusions: These results suggest that some features of asthma are more common in rural NSW than in Melbourne.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)A5
Number of pages1
JournalRespirology
Volume4
Issue numberSuppl. 1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1999
EventAnnual Scientific Meeting of the Thoracic Society of Australia and New Zealand 1999: Heart and Lungs - National Convention Centre, Canberra, Australia
Duration: 26 Feb 19993 Mar 1999
Conference number: 11th

Keywords

  • Asthma
  • Epidemiology
  • Questionnaire
  • Respiratory health

Cite this

Woods, R., Burton, D., Wharton, C., McKenzie, G., Walters, H., Abramson, M., & Comino, E. (1999). Asthma is more prevalent in rural NSW than Melbourne. Respirology, 4(Suppl. 1), A5.