Associations of strength training with impaired glucose metabolism: the ausdiab study

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Abstract

Purpose: To examine the association of strength training (ST) activity with impaired glucose metabolism (IGM) in Australian adults. Methods: On the basis of an oral glucose tolerance test, IGM (which includes impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance, or newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes), was assessed in 5831 adults (mean age = 56.0 ± 12.7 yr) without clinically diagnosed diabetes who participated in the 2004–2005 Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study (AusDiab). Meeting the current ST guideline was based on reporting ST at least two times per week (frequency) or >=40 min·wk-1 in total (duration). Multiple logistic regression analyses examined associations of self-reported ST frequency and duration with IGM. Results: After adjustment for known confounding factors and total moderate- to vigorous-intensity leisure time exercise, the odds ratio (OR) of IGM was 0.73 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.59–0.91, P <= 0.005) in those who met the ST frequency guideline (two or more times per week) and 0.69 (95% CI = 0.55–0.87, P <= 0.01) in those who met the ST duration guideline (>=40 min·wk-1). Those who achieved both the recommended frequency and duration of ST had 24% lower odds of IGM. There was also evidence that a moderate frequency (once a week) and duration (10–39 min·wk-1) of ST reduced the odds of IGM (OR frequency = 0.53, 95% CI = 0.51–0.81, P <= 0.01; OR duration = 0.72, 95% CI = 0.52–1.00, P <= 0.05). Conclusions: These findings support the importance of including ST activity, at a frequency of at least once per week, within exercise management recommendations for the maintenance of favorable metabolic health, particularly as it may contribute to reducing the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-303
Number of pages5
JournalMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013

Cite this

@article{67185d4c487a4692a850b20d4f3fff0c,
title = "Associations of strength training with impaired glucose metabolism: the ausdiab study",
abstract = "Purpose: To examine the association of strength training (ST) activity with impaired glucose metabolism (IGM) in Australian adults. Methods: On the basis of an oral glucose tolerance test, IGM (which includes impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance, or newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes), was assessed in 5831 adults (mean age = 56.0 ± 12.7 yr) without clinically diagnosed diabetes who participated in the 2004–2005 Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study (AusDiab). Meeting the current ST guideline was based on reporting ST at least two times per week (frequency) or >=40 min·wk-1 in total (duration). Multiple logistic regression analyses examined associations of self-reported ST frequency and duration with IGM. Results: After adjustment for known confounding factors and total moderate- to vigorous-intensity leisure time exercise, the odds ratio (OR) of IGM was 0.73 (95{\%} confidence interval [CI] = 0.59–0.91, P <= 0.005) in those who met the ST frequency guideline (two or more times per week) and 0.69 (95{\%} CI = 0.55–0.87, P <= 0.01) in those who met the ST duration guideline (>=40 min·wk-1). Those who achieved both the recommended frequency and duration of ST had 24{\%} lower odds of IGM. There was also evidence that a moderate frequency (once a week) and duration (10–39 min·wk-1) of ST reduced the odds of IGM (OR frequency = 0.53, 95{\%} CI = 0.51–0.81, P <= 0.01; OR duration = 0.72, 95{\%} CI = 0.52–1.00, P <= 0.05). Conclusions: These findings support the importance of including ST activity, at a frequency of at least once per week, within exercise management recommendations for the maintenance of favorable metabolic health, particularly as it may contribute to reducing the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus.",
author = "Minges, {Karl E} and Magliano, {Dianna J.} and Neville Owen and Daly, {Robin M} and Jo Salmon and Shaw, {Jonathan E.} and Zimmet, {Paul Z.} and Dunstan, {David W}",
year = "2013",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1249/MSS.0b013e31826e6cd1",
language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "299--303",
journal = "Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise",
issn = "0195-9131",
publisher = "American College of Sports Medicine",
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}

Associations of strength training with impaired glucose metabolism: the ausdiab study. / Minges, Karl E; Magliano, Dianna J.; Owen, Neville; Daly, Robin M; Salmon, Jo; Shaw, Jonathan E.; Zimmet, Paul Z.; Dunstan, David W.

In: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Vol. 45, No. 2, 02.2013, p. 299-303.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Associations of strength training with impaired glucose metabolism: the ausdiab study

AU - Minges, Karl E

AU - Magliano, Dianna J.

AU - Owen, Neville

AU - Daly, Robin M

AU - Salmon, Jo

AU - Shaw, Jonathan E.

AU - Zimmet, Paul Z.

AU - Dunstan, David W

PY - 2013/2

Y1 - 2013/2

N2 - Purpose: To examine the association of strength training (ST) activity with impaired glucose metabolism (IGM) in Australian adults. Methods: On the basis of an oral glucose tolerance test, IGM (which includes impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance, or newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes), was assessed in 5831 adults (mean age = 56.0 ± 12.7 yr) without clinically diagnosed diabetes who participated in the 2004–2005 Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study (AusDiab). Meeting the current ST guideline was based on reporting ST at least two times per week (frequency) or >=40 min·wk-1 in total (duration). Multiple logistic regression analyses examined associations of self-reported ST frequency and duration with IGM. Results: After adjustment for known confounding factors and total moderate- to vigorous-intensity leisure time exercise, the odds ratio (OR) of IGM was 0.73 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.59–0.91, P <= 0.005) in those who met the ST frequency guideline (two or more times per week) and 0.69 (95% CI = 0.55–0.87, P <= 0.01) in those who met the ST duration guideline (>=40 min·wk-1). Those who achieved both the recommended frequency and duration of ST had 24% lower odds of IGM. There was also evidence that a moderate frequency (once a week) and duration (10–39 min·wk-1) of ST reduced the odds of IGM (OR frequency = 0.53, 95% CI = 0.51–0.81, P <= 0.01; OR duration = 0.72, 95% CI = 0.52–1.00, P <= 0.05). Conclusions: These findings support the importance of including ST activity, at a frequency of at least once per week, within exercise management recommendations for the maintenance of favorable metabolic health, particularly as it may contribute to reducing the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus.

AB - Purpose: To examine the association of strength training (ST) activity with impaired glucose metabolism (IGM) in Australian adults. Methods: On the basis of an oral glucose tolerance test, IGM (which includes impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance, or newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes), was assessed in 5831 adults (mean age = 56.0 ± 12.7 yr) without clinically diagnosed diabetes who participated in the 2004–2005 Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study (AusDiab). Meeting the current ST guideline was based on reporting ST at least two times per week (frequency) or >=40 min·wk-1 in total (duration). Multiple logistic regression analyses examined associations of self-reported ST frequency and duration with IGM. Results: After adjustment for known confounding factors and total moderate- to vigorous-intensity leisure time exercise, the odds ratio (OR) of IGM was 0.73 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.59–0.91, P <= 0.005) in those who met the ST frequency guideline (two or more times per week) and 0.69 (95% CI = 0.55–0.87, P <= 0.01) in those who met the ST duration guideline (>=40 min·wk-1). Those who achieved both the recommended frequency and duration of ST had 24% lower odds of IGM. There was also evidence that a moderate frequency (once a week) and duration (10–39 min·wk-1) of ST reduced the odds of IGM (OR frequency = 0.53, 95% CI = 0.51–0.81, P <= 0.01; OR duration = 0.72, 95% CI = 0.52–1.00, P <= 0.05). Conclusions: These findings support the importance of including ST activity, at a frequency of at least once per week, within exercise management recommendations for the maintenance of favorable metabolic health, particularly as it may contribute to reducing the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus.

UR - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22903138

U2 - 10.1249/MSS.0b013e31826e6cd1

DO - 10.1249/MSS.0b013e31826e6cd1

M3 - Article

VL - 45

SP - 299

EP - 303

JO - Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise

JF - Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise

SN - 0195-9131

IS - 2

ER -