Associations of health-related quality of life, fear of falling and objective measures of physical function with bone health in postmenopausal women with low bone mass

Anoohya Gandham, Lachlan McMillan, Carrie-Anne Ng, Ludovic Humbert, Maxine Bonham, Ayse Zengin, Peter Ebeling, David Scott

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Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and physical function deteriorate with age and may adversely impact bone health in older adults. We determined associations of objective measures of physical function and HRQoL with bone health in postmenopausal women with low areal bone mineral density (aBMD). Fifty postmenopausal women (64.4 ± 7.7 years old, mean ± standard deviation) with low spine, hip or femoral neck aBMD (T-or Z-score < −1.0) on dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) participated. Femoral surface BMD, trabecular, integral and cortical volumetric BMD (vBMD) measurements were obtained using 3D-SHAPER software on DXA. Distal tibial vBMD and microarchitecture were assessed using high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HRpQCT). Participants completed self-administered EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D) and modified falls efficacy scale (MFES) questionnaires, and physical function assessments. Stair climb power was positively associated with bone parameters at the hip, femoral neck, and distal tibia (all p < 0.05) in multivariable linear regression. EQ-5D demonstrated no significant associations with bone parameters and MFES was positively associated only with distal tibial cortical vBMD and cortical von Mises stress (both p < 0.05). Objective measures of physical function, particularly muscle power, are more consistently associated with bone parameters compared with self-administered HRQoL questionnaires.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1370
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2019


  • Bone
  • Health-related quality of life
  • Osteoporosis
  • Physical function
  • Postmenopausal women

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