Association of haptoglobin levels with age, parasite density, and haptoglobin genotype in a malaria-endemic area of Gabon

Freya J.I. Fowkes, Heather Imrie, Florence Migot-Nabias, Pascal Michon, Anita Justice, Phillipe Deloron, Adrian J.F. Luty, Karen P. Day

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Abstract

Haptoglobin (Hp) levels were investigated in relation to host genotype in a malaria-endemic area in Gabon. A cross-sectional study of 1-12-year-old children was conducted in the rainy season, a period of high malaria transmission, to examine this relationship. Variables that influenced Hp levels were Hp genotype, location, and age interacting with parasite density. At low parasite densities, there was a negative correlation between Hp levels and age. At higher densities, there was a positive correlation with age. This suggests that in the presence of greater parasiteinduced hemolysis, older children are capable of increased production of Hp. Sickle cell trait and ABO blood group was not associated with Hp levels in this population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-30
Number of pages5
JournalThe American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume74
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2006
Externally publishedYes

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