Association of foxo3 blood dna methylation with cancer risk, cancer survival, and mortality

Chenglong Yu, Allison M. Hodge, Ee Ming Wong, Jihoon Eric Joo, Enes Makalic, Daniel Schmidt, Daniel D. Buchanan, John L. Hopper, Graham G. Giles, Melissa C. Southey, Pierre Antoine Dugué

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Genetic variants in FOXO3 are associated with longevity. Here, we assessed whether blood DNA methylation at FOXO3 was associated with cancer risk, survival, and mortality. We used data from eight prospective case–control studies of breast (n = 409 cases), colorectal (n = 835), gastric (n = 170), kidney (n = 143), lung (n = 332), prostate (n = 869), and urothelial (n = 428) cancer and B-cell lymphoma (n = 438). Case–control pairs were matched on age, sex, country of birth, and smoking (lung cancer study). Conditional logistic regression was used to assess associations between cancer risk and methylation at 45 CpGs of FOXO3 included on the HumanMethylation450 assay. Mixed-effects Cox models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for associations with cancer survival (total n = 2286 deaths). Additionally, using data from 1088 older participants, we assessed associations of FOXO3 methylation with overall and cause-specific mortality (n = 354 deaths). Methylation at a CpG in the first exon region of FOXO3 (6:108882981) was associated with gastric cancer survival (HR = 2.39, 95% CI: 1.60–3.56, p = 1.9 × 10−5). Methylation at three CpGs in TSS1500 and gene body was associated with lung cancer survival (p < 6.1 × 10−5). We found no evidence of associations of FOXO3 methylation with cancer risk and mortality. Our findings may contribute to understanding the implication of FOXO3 in longevity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3384
Number of pages12
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021


  • Age-related outcome
  • Epigenetics
  • FOXO3
  • Longevity-related SNP
  • Matched case– control study

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