Association between urinary C-telopeptide fragments of type II collagen and knee structure in middle-aged women without clinical knee disease

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Objective: There is evidence for an association between levels of urinary C-telopeptide fragments of type II collagen (uCTX-II) and risk of knee osteoarthritis (OA). The aim of this cohort study was to examine the association between uCTX-II levels and knee cartilage and bone changes in middle-aged women without clinical knee disease. Design: 140 women, aged 40-67 years, with no significant knee pain, knee injury or any forms of arthritis, underwent knee magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at baseline and 2 years later. Cartilage volume, cartilage defects, tibial plateau bone area and bone marrow lesions (BMLs) were measured using validated methods. Baseline uCTX-II was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results: For every one unit (natural logarithm transformed) increase in baseline uCTX-II level, there was an increase in the prevalence of medial tibiofemoral cartilage defects (Odds ratio (OR) 4.36, 95 confidence interval (CI) 1.58-12.04), medial (80.2 mm2, 95 CI 9.3-151.1) and lateral (86.0 mm2, 95 CI 33.3-138.7) tibial plateau bone area, and the prevalence of lateral tibiofemoral BMLs (OR 10.62, 95 CI 1.82-61.85). Baseline uCTX-II levels were not significantly associated with baseline tibial cartilage volume or changes in knee cartilage volume or defects or bone area over 2 years, although there was a trend for the deterioration of medial tibiofemoral BMLs (P = 0.06). Conclusion: In middle-aged women without clinical knee disease, higher uCTX-II levels were associated with early detrimental structural changes at the knee (cartilage defects, tibial bone expansion and BMLs) at baseline but not over 2 years. Further work will be needed to determine its sensitivity to change and whether it predicts disease progression over longer time periods.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1136 - 1141
Number of pages6
JournalOsteoarthritis and Cartilage
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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