Association Between Thromboelastometry Identified Hypercoagulability and Thromboembolic Complications After Arthroplasty: A Prospective Observational Study in Patients With Obesity

Usha Gurunathan, Lily Chiang, Joel Hines, Bronwyn Pearse, Scott McKenzie, Karen Hay, Daniel Mullany, Harshal H. Nandurkar, Victoria Eley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The prothrombotic state of obesity can increase the risk of thromboembolism. We aimed to investigate if there was an association between baseline hypercoagulable rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) profile and thromboembolic complications in arthroplasty patients with obesity. Patients with a body mass index ≥ 25 kg/m2 and/or waist circumference ≥94 cm (M) and 80 cm (F) undergoing hip and knee arthroplasty had pre- and postoperative ROTEM. ROTEM values were compared by outcome status using an independent sample equal-variance t-test. Of the 303 total participants, hypercoagulability defined as extrinsically activated thromboelastometry maximum clot firmness G score ≥ 11 K dyne/cm2, was observed in 90 (30%) of the 300 participants with preoperative ROTEM assays. Clinically significant thromboembolic complications occurred in 5 (1.7%) study participants before discharge and in 10 (3.3%) by 90 days. These included 6 with pulmonary emboli, 3 with deep venous thrombus, and 1 with myocardial infarction. We found no evidence for an association between baseline hypercoagulability and incident thromboembolic events, analysis limited by the number of events. Postoperative decrease in platelets and an increase in fibrinogen were observed. ROTEM parameter changes differed across obesity categories.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalClinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis
Volume29
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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