Association Between Psychiatric Comorbidities and Mortality in Epilepsy

Gerard Tao, Clarissa Auvrez, Russell Nightscales, Sarah Barnard, Lara Mccartney, Charles B. Malpas, Piero Perucca, Zhibin Chen, Sophia Adams, Anne Mcintosh, Sophia Ignatiadis, Patrick O'brien, Mark J. Cook, Patrick Kwan, Samuel F. Berkovic, Wendyl D'souza, Dennis Velakoulis, Terence J. O'brien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

ObjectiveTo explore the impact of psychiatric comorbidities on all-cause mortality in adults with epilepsy from a cohort of patients admitted for video-EEG monitoring (VEM) over 2 decades.MethodsA retrospective medical record audit was conducted on 2,709 adults admitted for VEM and diagnosed with epilepsy at 3 Victorian comprehensive epilepsy programs from 1995 to 2015. A total of 1,805 patients were identified in whom the record of a clinical evaluation by a neuropsychiatrist was available, excluding 27 patients who died of a malignant brain tumor known at the time of VEM admission. Epilepsy and lifetime psychiatric diagnoses were determined from consensus opinion of epileptologists and neuropsychiatrists involved in the care of each patient. Mortality and cause of death were determined by linkage to the Australian National Death Index and National Coronial Information System.ResultsCompared with the general population, mortality was higher in people with epilepsy (PWE) with a psychiatric illness (standardized mortality ratio [SMR] 3.6) and without a psychiatric illness (SMR 2.5). PWE with a psychiatric illness had greater mortality compared with PWE without (hazard ratio 1.41, 95% confidence interval 1.02-1.97) after adjusting for age and sex. No single psychiatric disorder by itself conferred increased mortality in PWE. The distribution of causes of death remained similar between PWE with psychiatric comorbidities and those without.ConclusionThe presence of comorbid psychiatric disorders in adults with epilepsy is associated with increased mortality, highlighting the importance of identifying and treating psychiatric comorbidities in these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429-437
Number of pages9
JournalNeurology: Clinical Practice
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2021

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