Association between exercise-induced change in body composition and change in cardiometabolic risk factors in postmenopausal South Asian women

Iris A. Lesser, Jordan A. Guenette, Amandah Hoogbruin, Dawn C. Mackey, Joel Singer, Danijela Gasevic, Scott A. Lear

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8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The South Asian population suffers from a high prevalence of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD). A unique obesity phenotype of elevated visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is associated with CVD risk among South Asians. Exercise-induced reduction in VAT and body fat is an effective mechanism to improve cardiometabolic risk factors but this has not been shown in South Asians. Whether exercise-induced changes in measurements such as waist circumference (WC) are independently related to changes in cardiometabolic risk factors in South Asians is unknown. Multi-slice computed tomography scanning was used to assess VAT, cardiometabolic risk factors through a fasting blood sample, and body fat using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Forty- nine postmenopausal South Asian women who participated in two 12-week aerobic exercise programs were included. Bivariate correlations were used to assess associations between change in cardiometabolic risk factors and change in body composition. Regression analyses were conducted with change in glucose, insulin, and homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) as dependent variables and change in body composition as independent variables of interest. There were significant associations between changes in fasting insulin, glucose, and HOMA-IR with change in VAT. The association between change in VAT and these cardiometabolic risk factors was independent of change in other body composition variables of interest. South Asian women should be encouraged to engage in aerobic activity to reduce their risk of type 2 diabetes and CVD, and physicians should be aware of improvements in glucose regulation with exercise training not observed through reductions in WC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)931-937
Number of pages7
JournalApplied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquee, nutrition et metabolisme
Volume41
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Asie du Sud
  • cardiometabolic risk factors
  • ethnicity
  • ethnicité
  • exercice physique
  • exercise
  • facteurs de risque cardiométabolique
  • gras viscéral
  • South Asian
  • tour de taille
  • visceral fat
  • waist circumference

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