Association between COVID-19 vaccination rates and the Australian 'Million Dollar Vax' competition: an observational study

Dajung Jun, Anthony Scott

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Objective To examine the association between financial incentives from entry into a vaccine competition with the probability of vaccination for COVID-19. Design A cross-sectional study with adjustment for covariates using logistic regression. Setting October and November 2021, Australia. Participants 2375 respondents of the Taking the Pulse of the Nation survey. Primary and secondary outcome measures The proportion of respondents who had any vaccination, a first dose only, or second dose after the competition opened. Results Those who entered the competition were 2.27 (95% CI 1.73 to 2.99) times more likely to be vaccinated after the competition opened on 1 October than those who did not enter - an increase in the probability of having any dose of 0.16 (95 % CI 0.10 to 0.21) percentage points. This increase was mostly driven by those receiving second doses. Entrants were 2.39 (95% CI 1.80 to 3.17) times more likely to receive their second dose after the competition opened. Conclusions Those who entered the Million Dollar Vax competition were more likely to have a vaccination after the competition opened compared with those who did not enter the competition, with this effect dominated by those receiving second doses.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere062307
Number of pages9
JournalBMJ Open
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 17 Aug 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • COVID-19
  • Infectious diseases
  • Public health

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