Assessment the efficiency of 6 interpolation methods for estimation of annual rainfal stations using Geography Information System (GIS): (A case study on 21 rainfalls station in Golestan province, Iran)

Sina Alaghmand, Amin Mohammadi, Younes Bagheri, Ismael Abustan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review


Precipitation is one of the most important entrance parameters of a watershed basin. Concentrated (point) rainfall measurements, unsuitable dispersion of rainfall stations and also lack of connection roads to some of areas for measurements, cause that the interpolation for some areas become essential. The field statistical methods because of consideration to stations situation and spatial correlation, it can be suitable but there are some limitation because of insufficient data. In this study in order to assessment of efficiency of different interpolation methods for estimation of rainfall stations without data in north of Iran, 21 rainfall station with yearly rainfall data were selected, while 4 stations were choose as evidences. In next step in Ilwis version 3.1, according to the 17 stations (except 4 evidence stations) data for each 4 evidence rainfall stations was created for Golestan province, in this step for interpolation, 6 methods were applied as follows: Nearest Point 'Universal Kriging' Kriging 'Moving Surface' Moving Average and Trend Surface. Finally the estimated value for 4 evidence stations compared with the evidence data (recorded data). The assessments showed that Universal Kriging method had the least error in comparison with the other methods in this case.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication28th Asian Conference on Remote Sensing (ACRS 2007)
Subtitle of host publication12 - 16 November 2007, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia [proceedings]
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2007
Externally publishedYes
EventAsian Conference on Remote Sensing 2007 - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Duration: 12 Nov 200716 Nov 2007
Conference number: 28th

Publication series

Name28th Asian Conference on Remote Sensing 2007, ACRS 2007


ConferenceAsian Conference on Remote Sensing 2007
Abbreviated titleACRS 2007
CityKuala Lumpur


  • Geography Information System (GIS)
  • Golestan Province
  • Interpolation
  • Rainfall

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