Assessment of errors in the determination of mark-houwink-sakurada and stockmayer-fixman constants using size-exclusion chromatography with on-line viscometric detection: Analyses of poly(p-substituted styrenes) in tetrahydrofuran

Michelle L. Coote, Thomas P. Davis

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In this work, we present values for the Mark-Houwink-Sakurada (MHS) and Stockmayer-Fixman (SF) constants for a series of homopolymers of para-substituted styrenes (4-X-styrene; X = OCH3, OCH2CH3, CH3) F, Cl, and Br) in THF at room temperature. The respective values of K (in 10-5 dL/g) and a were: 0.685 and 13.2; 0.662 and 14.1; 0.740 and 8.41; 0.781 and 5.24; 0.726 and 8.95; 0.700 and 7.79. The respective values for Kθ (in 10-4 dL/g) and K' (in 10-7 dL/g) were: 6.01 and 16.1; 6.22 and 9.07; 7.64 and 17.4; 5.59 and 23.7; 6.29 and 17.3; 4.44 and 10.3. These constants were measured using size-exclusion chromatography with on-line viscometry. As part of this work, we investigate the applicability of common model fitting procedures to this method of measuring MHS/SF constants and the effect of uncertainties in their estimated values on the accuracy of molecular weight analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2557-2570
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Mark-houwink-sakurada constants
  • Molecular weight analysis
  • On-line differential viscometry
  • Para-substituted styrene polymers
  • Size-exclusion chromatography
  • Statistical model fitting
  • Stockmayer-fixman constants

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