Assessing Suicidal Ideation in Young People With Depression: Factor Structure of the Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire

Carl I. Moller, Paul B. Badcock, Sarah E. Hetrick, Simon Rice, Michael Berk, Olivia M. Dean, Andrew M. Chanen, Caroline Gao, Christopher G. Davey, Sue M. Cotton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Evaluating suicidal ideation in young people seeking mental health treatment is an important component of clinical assessment and treatment planning. To reduce the burden of youth suicide, we need to improve our understanding of suicidal ideation, its underlying constructs, and how ideation translates into suicidal behaviour. Using exploratory factor analysis, we investigated the dimensionality of the Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire (SIQ) among 273 participants aged 15–25 with Major Depressive Disorder. Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) analysis was used to explore associations between latent factors and actual suicidal behaviour. Findings suggested that the SIQ assesses multiple factors underlying suicidal ideation. AUROC analyses demonstrated that latent factors relating to both active and passive suicidal ideation predicted past-month suicidal behaviour and suicide attempt. These findings contribute to an improved understanding of the complexities of suicidal ideation and relationships with suicidal behaviour in young people with depression.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages29
JournalOMEGA - Journal of Death and Dying
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • adolescents
  • assessment
  • early intervention
  • mental disorders
  • prevention
  • suicide
  • young adults

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