Assembly of high order Gaq-effector complexes with RGS proteins

Aruna Shankaranarayanan, David Thal, Valerie M Tesmer, David L Roman, Richard Neubig, Tohru Kozasa, John Joseph Grubb Tesmer

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Transmembrane signaling through Gaq-coupled receptors is linked to physiological processes such as cardiovascular development and smooth muscle function. Recent crystallographic studies have shown how Gaq interacts with two activation-dependent targets, p63RhoGEF and G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2). These proteins bind to the effector-binding site of Gaq in a manner that does not appear to physically overlap with the site on Gaq bound by regulator of G-protein signaling (RGS) proteins, which function as GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs). Herein we confirm the formation of RGS-Gaq- GRK2/p63RhoGEF ternary complexes using flow cytometry protein interaction and GAP assays. RGS2 and, to a lesser extent, RGS4 are negative allosteric modulators of Gaq binding to either p63RhoGEF or GRK2. Conversely, GRK2 enhances the GAP activity of RGS4 but has little effect on that of RGS2. Similar but smaller magnitude responses are induced by p63RhoGEF. The fact that GRK2 and p63RhoGEF respond similarly to these RGS proteins supports the hypothesis that GRK2 is a bona fide Gaq effector. The results also suggest that signal transduction pathways initiated by GRK2, such as the phosphorylation of G protein-coupled receptors, and by p63RhoGEF, such as the activation of gene transcription, can be regulated by RGS proteins via both allosteric and GAP mechanisms.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34923 - 34934
Number of pages12
JournalThe Journal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number50
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

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