Artificial organ treatment for multiple organ failure, acute renal failure, and sepsis: Recent new trends

Ciro Tetta, R. Bellomo, C. Ronco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sepsis remains the major cause of mortality worldwide, claiming millions of lives each year. The past decade has seen major advances in the understanding of the biological mechanisms involved in this complex process. Unfortunately, no definitive therapy yet exists that can successfully treat sepsis and its complications. At variance with targeting single mediators, therapeutic intervention aimed at the nonselective removal of pro- and antiinflammatory mediators seems a rational concept and a possible key to successful extracorporeal therapies. A further advantage may lie in the continuous nature of such therapy. With such continuous therapy, sequentially appearing peaks of systemic mediator overflow may be attenuated and persistently high plasma levels reduced. This theoretical framework is proposed as the underlying biological rationale for a series of innovative modalities in sepsis. In this editorial, we will review recent animal and human trials that lend support to this concept. We will also review the importance of treatment dose during continuous renal replacement therapy as a major factor affecting survival in critically ill patients with acute renal failure. Additionally, we will review novel information related to other blood purification techniques using large pore membranes or plasma filtration with adsorbent perfusion. Although these approaches are still in the early stages of clinical testing, they are conceptually promising and might represent an important advance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)202-213
Number of pages12
JournalArtificial Organs
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute renal failure
  • CRRT
  • Cytokines
  • Dialysis
  • Sepsis

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