Artificial metaphotonics born naturally in two dimensions

Zhigao Dai, Guangwei Hu, Qingdong Ou, Lei Zhang, Fengnian Xia, Francisco J. Garcia-Vidal, Francisco J. Garcia-Vidal, Cheng-Wei Qiu, Qiaoliang Bao

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleOtherpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Recently, two rich and exciting research fields, layered two-dimensional (2D) materials and metamaterials, have started overlapping. Metamaterials are artificial, engineered materials with broad metaphotonic prospects such as negative refraction, perfect lensing, subwavelength imaging, and cloaking. The possibility of achieving metaphotonic properties using metamaterials based on layered 2D materials has been extensively exploited. Because they are highly tunable and adjustable with the ease of micro- A nd nanofabrication, 2D materials exhibit diverse optical properties such as natural negative refraction, natural anisotropic behavior, and even hyperbolic dispersion. A combination of 2D materials with conventional metamaterials promises a variety of prospective applications. In this review, we illustrate how the concept of metamaterials and their associated metaphotonic capabilities are naturally born in 2D materials. The multifunctionality of 2D materials may enable the manufacture of novel optical devices that work in a broad frequency range, from visible to terahertz, with particularly low loss, high speed, gated tunability, and miniaturized sizes. This new area of research links the fields of photonics, optoelectronics, and plasmonics with that of metamaterials and may provide insights to future innovations for 2D-material-inspired metaphotonic devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6197–6246
Number of pages50
JournalChemical Reviews
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jul 2020

Cite this

Dai, Z., Hu, G., Ou, Q., Zhang, L., Xia, F., Garcia-Vidal, F. J., Garcia-Vidal, F. J., Qiu, C-W., & Bao, Q. (2020). Artificial metaphotonics born naturally in two dimensions. Chemical Reviews, 120(13), 6197–6246.