Artificial intelligence to distinguish retinal vein occlusion patients using color fundus photographs

Xiang Ren, Wei Feng, Ruijin Ran, Yunxia Gao, Yu Lin, Xiangyu Fu, Yunhan Tao, Ting Wang, Bin Wang, Lie Ju, Yuzhong Chen, Lanqing He, Wu Xi, Xiaorong Liu, Zongyuan Ge, Ming Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Our aim is to establish an AI model for distinguishing color fundus photographs (CFP) of RVO patients from normal individuals. Methods: The training dataset included 2013 CFP from fellow eyes of RVO patients and 8536 age- and gender-matched normal CFP. Model performance was assessed in two independent testing datasets. We evaluated the performance of the AI model using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), accuracy, precision, specificity, sensitivity, and confusion matrices. We further explained the probable clinical relevance of the AI by extracting and comparing features of the retinal images. Results: Our model achieved an average AUC was 0.9866 (95% CI: 0.9805–0.9918), accuracy was 0.9534 (95% CI: 0.9421–0.9639), precision was 0.9123 (95% CI: 0.8784–9453), specificity was 0.9810 (95% CI: 0.9729–0.9884), and sensitivity was 0.8367 (95% CI: 0.7953–0.8756) for identifying fundus images of RVO patients in training dataset. In independent external datasets 1, the AUC of the RVO group was 0.8102 (95% CI: 0.7979–0.8226), the accuracy of 0.7752 (95% CI: 0.7633–0.7875), the precision of 0.7041 (95% CI: 0.6873–0.7211), specificity of 0.6499 (95% CI: 0.6305–0.6679) and sensitivity of 0.9124 (95% CI: 0.9004–0.9241) for RVO group. There were significant differences in retinal arteriovenous ratio, optic cup to optic disc ratio, and optic disc tilt angle (p = 0.001, p = 0.0001, and p = 0.0001, respectively) between the two groups in training dataset. Conclusion: We trained an AI model to classify color fundus photographs of RVO patients with stable performance both in internal and external datasets. This may be of great importance for risk prediction in patients with retinal venous occlusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2026–2032
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023

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