Artificial intelligence-driven wearable technologies for neonatal cardiorespiratory monitoring. Part 2: artificial intelligence

Chiranjibi Sitaula, Ethan Grooby, T’ng Chang Kwok, Don Sharkey, Faezeh Marzbanrad, Atul Malhotra

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: With the development of Artificial Intelligence (AI) techniques, smart health monitoring, particularly neonatal cardiorespiratory monitoring with wearable devices, is becoming more popular. To this end, it is crucial to investigate the trend of AI and wearable sensors being developed in this domain. Methods: We performed a review of papers published in IEEE Xplore, Scopus, and PubMed from the year 2000 onwards, to understand the use of AI for neonatal cardiorespiratory monitoring with wearable technologies. We reviewed the advances in AI development for this application and potential future directions. For this review, we assimilated machine learning (ML) algorithms developed for neonatal cardiorespiratory monitoring, designed a taxonomy, and categorised the methods based on their learning capabilities and performance. Results: For AI related to wearable technologies for neonatal cardio-respiratory monitoring, 63% of studies utilised traditional ML techniques and 35% utilised deep learning techniques, including 6% that applied transfer learning on pre-trained models. Conclusions: A detailed review of AI methods for neonatal cardiorespiratory wearable sensors is presented along with their advantages and disadvantages. Hierarchical models and suggestions for future developments are highlighted to translate these AI technologies into patient benefit. Impact: State-of-the-art review in artificial intelligence used for wearable neonatal cardiorespiratory monitoring.Taxonomy design for artificial intelligence methods.Comparative study of AI methods based on their advantages and disadvantages.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)426–436
Number of pages11
JournalPediatric Research
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

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