Article factors affecting the delivery and acceptability of the rowtate telehealth vocational rehabilitation intervention for traumatic injury survivors: A mixed-methods study

Jade Kettlewell, Rebecca Lindley, Kate Radford, Priya Patel, Kay Bridger, Blerina Kellezi, Stephen Timmons, Isabel Andrews, Stephen Fallon, Natasha Lannin, Jain Holmes, Denise Kendrick, on behalf of the ROWTATE Team

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8 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Returning to work after traumatic injury can be problematic. We developed a vocational telerehabilitation (VR) intervention for trauma survivors, delivered by trained occupational therapists (OTs) and clinical psychologists (CPs), and explored factors affecting delivery and acceptability in a feasibility study. Methods: Surveys pre-(5 OTs, 2 CPs) and post-training (3 OTs, 1 CP); interviews pre-(5 OTs, 2 CPs) and post-intervention (4 trauma survivors, 4 OTs, 2 CPs). Mean survey scores for 14 theoretical domains identified telerehabilitation barriers (score ≤ 3.5) and facilitators (score ≥ 5). Interviews were transcribed and thematically analysed. Results: Surveys: pre-training, the only barrier was therapists’ intentions to use telerehabilitation (mean = 3.40 ± 0.23), post-training, 13/14 domains were facilitators. Interviews: barriers/facilitators included environmental context/resources (e.g., technology, patient engagement, privacy/disruptions, travel and access); beliefs about capabilities (e.g., building rapport, complex assessments, knowledge/confidence, third-party feedback and communication style); optimism (e.g., impossible assessments, novel working methods, perceived importance and patient/therapist reluctance) and social/professional role/identity (e.g., therapeutic methods). Training and experience of intervention delivery addressed some barriers and increased facilitators. The intervention was acceptable to trauma survivors and therapists. Conclusion: Despite training and experience in intervention delivery, some barriers remained. Providing some face-to-face delivery where necessary may address certain barriers, but strategies are required to address other barriers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9744
Number of pages26
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021


  • Acceptability
  • Clinical psychology
  • Mixed methods
  • Occupational therapy
  • Patient perspectives
  • Return to work
  • Tele-health
  • Traumatic injuries
  • Vocational rehabilitation

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