Purpose: Arterial spin labeling (ASL) techniques have been implemented across a diverse range of clinical and experimental applications. This review aims to evaluate the current feasibility of ASL in clinical neuroradiology based on recent improvements to ASL sequences and highlight areas for potential clinical applications. Methods and Materials: In December 2014, a literature search was conducted on PubMed Central, EMBASE, and Scopus using the search terms: ?arterial spin labeling, neuroradiology,? for studies published between 2009 and 2014 (inclusive). Of 483 studies matching the inclusion criteria, the number of studies using continuous, pseudocontinuous, pulsed, and velocity-selective ASL sequences was 42, 209, 226, and 3, respectively. Studies were classified based on several common clinical applications according to the type of ASL sequence used. Studies using pulsed ASL and pseudo-continuous ASL were grouped based on common sequences. Results: The number of clinical studies was 264. Numerous studies applied ASL to stroke management (43 studies), drug testing (21 studies), neurodegenerative diseases (40 studies), and psychiatric disorders (26 studies). Conclusions: This review discusses several factors hindering the implementation of clinical ASL and ASL-related radiofrequency safety issues encountered in clinical practice. However, a limited number of search terms were used. Further development of robust sequences with multislice imaging capabilities and reduced radiofrequency energy deposition will hopefully improve the clinical acceptance of ASL.