Exercise training elevates arterial compliance at rest, but the effects of acute exercise in this regard are unknown. This study investigated the effects of a single, 30-min bout of cycling exercise at 65% of maximal oxygen consumption on indexes of arterial compliance. Whole body arterial compliance determined noninvasively from simultaneous measurements of aortic flow and carotid pressure was elevated (66 ± 26%) at 0.5 h postexercise (P = 0.04), followed by a decline to baseline 1 h after exercise. Aortic pulse-wave velocity, which is inversely related to compliance, was reduced (4 ± 2%; P = 0.04) at 0.5 h postexercise. Pulse-wave velocity in the leg decreased by 10 ± 4% at this time (P = 0.01). Mean arterial pressure was unchanged; however, central systolic blood pressure was reduced postexercise (P = 0.03). Cardiac output was elevated after exercise (P = 0.007) via heart rate elevation (P = 0.001), whereas stroke volume was unchanged. Total peripheral resistance was therefore reduced (P = 0.01) and would be expected to contribute to an elevation in arterial compliance. In conclusion, a single bout of cycling exercise increased whole body arterial compliance by mechanisms that may relate to vasodilation.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|Issue number||5 42-5|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
- Arterial stiffness
- Blood pressure
- Pulse-wave velocity