Are you with me? Measurement of learners' video-watching attention with eye tracking

Namrata Srivastava, Sadia Nawaz, Joshua Newn, Jason Lodge, Eduardo Velloso, Sarah M. Erfani, Dragan Gasevic, James Bailey

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Video has become an essential medium for learning. However, there are challenges when using traditional methods to measure how learners attend to lecture videos in video learning analytics, such as difficulty in capturing learners' attention at a fine-grained level. Therefore, in this paper, we propose a gaze-based metric - "with-me-ness direction"that can measure how learners' gaze-direction changes when they listen to the instructor's dialogues in a video-lecture. We analyze the gaze data of 45 participants as they watched a video lecture and measured both the sequences of with-me-ness direction and proportion of time a participant spent looking in each direction throughout the lecture at different levels. We found that although the majority of the time participants followed the instructor's dialogues, their behaviour of looking-ahead, looking-behind or looking-outside differed by their prior knowledge. These findings open the possibility of using eye-tracking to measure learners' video-watching attention patterns and examine factors that can influence their attention, thereby helping instructors to design effective learning materials.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLAK21 Conference Proceedings - The Impact we Make: The Contributions of Learning Analytics to Learning,
Subtitle of host publicationThe Eleventh International Conference on Learning Analytics & Knowledge
EditorsMaren Scheffel, Nia Dowell, Srecko Joksimovic, George Siemens
Place of PublicationNew York NY USA
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781450389358
Publication statusPublished - 2021
EventInternational Learning Analytics & Knowledge Conference 2021 - Online, Irvine, United States of America
Duration: 12 Apr 202116 Apr 2021
Conference number: 11th (Proceedings)


ConferenceInternational Learning Analytics & Knowledge Conference 2021
Abbreviated titleLAK 2021
Country/TerritoryUnited States of America
Internet address


  • Co-attention
  • Eye-tracking
  • Gaze direction
  • Learning analytics
  • Video lecture

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