Are All Flare Ribbons Simply Connected to the Corona?

Philip G. Judge, Alin Paraschiv, Daniela Lacatus, Alina Donea, Charlie Lindsey

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5 Citations (Scopus)


We consider the observational basis for the belief that flare ribbons in the chromosphere result from energy transport from the overlying corona. We study ribbons of small flares using magnetic and intensity data from the Hinode, Solar Dynamics Observatory, and IRIS missions. While most ribbons appear connected to the corona and overlie regions of significant vertical magnetic field, we examine one ribbon with no clear evidence for such connections. Evolving horizontal magnetic fields seen with Hinode suggest that reconnection with preexisting fields below the corona can explain the data. The identification of just one, albeit small, ribbon, with no apparent connection to the corona, leads us to conclude that at least two mechanisms are responsible for the heating that leads to flare ribbon emission.

Original languageEnglish
Article number138
Number of pages7
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017


  • Sun: chromosphere
  • Sun: flares
  • Sun: magnetic fields
  • Sun: UV radiation
  • techniques: polarimetric

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