Architectured structural materials: a parallel between nature and engineering

John W.C. Dunlop, Yves J.M. Brechet

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperOther

8 Citations (Scopus)


Nature builds materials like an architect to obtain a variety of properties with a limited number of building blocks. In contrast, engineers have access to a wide range of constituent materials to fulfil a variety of requirements. The classical degrees of freedom for controlling the properties of man-made materials are the microstructure, or the macroscopic shape. Only recently, the architecture at the millimetre scale was perceived as an efficient way of expanding the range of properties offered by bulk materials. The aim of this paper is to compare the different strategies and to outline some observations on natural materials which may serve as inspiration to develop engineering architectured materials.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2009 MRS Spring Meeting: Architectured Multifunctional Materials
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes
EventMaterials Research Society Symposium (MRS) 2009: Spring meeting - San Francisco, United States of America
Duration: 13 Apr 200917 Apr 2009

Publication series

NameMaterials Research Society Symposium Proceedings
ISSN (Print)0272-9172


ConferenceMaterials Research Society Symposium (MRS) 2009
CountryUnited States of America
CitySan Francisco


  • Architectured materials
  • Biomimetics
  • Design
  • Microstructure

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