Applications of conducting polymers and their issues in biomedical engineering

Rajeswari Ravichandran, Subramanian Sundarrajan, Jayarama Reddy Venugopal, Shayanti Mukherjee, Seeram Ramakrishna

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

346 Citations (Scopus)


Conducting polymers (CPs) have attracted much interest as suitable matrices of biomolecules and have been used to enhance the stability, speed and sensitivity of various biomedical devices. Moreover, CPs are inexpensive, easy to synthesize and versatile because their properties can be readily modulated by (i) surface functionalization techniques and (ii) the use of a wide range of molecules that can be entrapped or used as dopants. This paper discusses the various surface modifications of the CP that can be employed in order to impart physico-chemical and biological guidance cues that promote cell adhesion/proliferation at the polymer-tissue interface. This ability of the CP to induce various cellular mechanisms widens its applications in medical fields and bioengineering.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S559-S579
JournalJournal of the Royal Society Interface
Issue numberSUPPL. 5
Publication statusPublished - 6 Oct 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Biomedical devices
  • Biomedical engineering
  • Conducting polymers

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