Applications and developments of thermal spray coatings for the iron and steel industry

Surinder Singh, Christopher C. Berndt, R. K. Singh Raman, Harpreet Singh, Andrew S.M. Ang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


The steel making processes involves extreme and harsh operating conditions; hence, the production hardware is exposed to degradation mechanisms under high temperature oxidation, erosion, wear, impact, and corrosive environments. These adverse factors affect the product quality and efficiency of the steel making industry, which contributes to production downtime and maintenance costs. Thermal spray technologies that circumvent surface degradation mechanisms are also attractive for their environmental safety, effectiveness and ease of use. The need of thermal spray coatings and advancement in terms of materials and spray processes are reviewed in this article. Application and development of thermal spray coatings for steel making hardware from the molten metal processing stages such as electric arc and basic oxygen furnaces, through to continuous casting, annealing, and the galvanizing line; to the final shaping process such as cold and hot rolling of the steel strips are highlighted. Specifically, thermal spray feedstock materials and processes that have potential to replace hazardous hard chrome plating are discussed. It is projected that novel coating solutions will be incorporated as awareness and acceptance of thermal spray technology grows in the steel making sectors, which will improve the productivity of the industry.

Original languageEnglish
Article number516
Number of pages27
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jan 2023


  • coating
  • high temperature oxidation
  • steel making
  • thermal degradation
  • thermal spray
  • wear

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