Thermal denaturation of soybean proteins is a prerequisite for tofu gel formation. Soymilk is conventionally heated with a one-stage steam heating. Two-stage ohmic heating was applied to soymilk in this study. Optimizing the two-stage heating condition for making filled-tofu and the effect of the two-stage heating on soft-tofu were investigated. Our results show that the combination of 70 degrees C for 10 min and 100 degrees C for 5 min was the best condition of the two-stage heating for preparing tilled-tofu. Compared to the one-stage heating, the two-stage heating increased the soft-tofu s apparent breaking strength by 12.2 and apparent Young s modulus by 16.2 , reduced the syneresis rate by 21.8 , and increased the yield and the solid recovery by 4.5 and 5.4 , respectively. Two-stage ohmic heating is a potential method for heating soymilk in tofu manufactures. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Pages (from-to)||486 - 490|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Chemical Engineering and Processing|
|Publication status||Published - 2007|