Application of the World Stroke Organization health system indicators and performance in Australia, Singapore, and the USA

Tamara Tse, Leeanne Carey, Dominique Cadilhac, Gerald Choon Huat Koh, Carolyn Baum

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Aim: To examine how Australia, Singapore and the United States of America (USA) match to the World Stroke Organization Global Stroke Services health system monitoring indicators (HSI). Design: Descriptive comparative study Participants: The health systems of Australia, Singapore, the USA. Outcome measures: Published data available from each country were mapped to the 10 health system monitoring indicators proposed by the World Stroke Organization. Results: Most health system monitoring indicators were at least partially met in each country. Thrombolytic agents were available for use in acute stroke. Stroke guidelines and stroke registry data were available in all three countries. Stroke incidence, prevalence, and mortality rates were available but at non-uniform times post-stroke. The International Classification of Disease 9 or 10 coding systems are used in all three countries. Standardized clinical audits are routine in Australia and the USA, but not in Singapore. The use of the modified Rankin Scale is collected sub-acutely but not at one year post-stroke in all three countries. Conclusions: The three developed countries are performing well against the World Stroke Organization health system monitoring indicators for acute and sub-acute stroke care. However, improvements in stroke risk assessment and at one-year post-stroke outcome measurement are needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)852-859
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Stroke
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016


  • Australia
  • Health System Indicators
  • Singapore
  • Stroke
  • United States of America
  • World Stroke Organization

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