Applicability and accuracy of the initially dry and initially wet contact filter paper tests for matric suction measurement of geosynthetic clay liners

Asli Senem Acikel, Rao Martand Singh, Abdelmalek Bouazza, Will Peter Gates, Ronald Kerry Rowe

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35 Citations (Scopus)


An initially wet contact filter paper test (IW-CFPT) and an initially dry contact filter paper test (ID-CFPT) were used to examine the wetting paths of geosynthetic clay liners, including non-contact filter paper tests for comparative purposes. The CFPTs were applied to both geosynthetic clay liner faces to examine the effect of geotextile type on capillary contact. The non-woven geotextile face was found to be more likely to cause capillary breaks than the woven geotextile face. Both IW- and ID-CFPTs were found to be applicable to geosynthetic clay liners within their accurate upper matric suction measurement limits of 146 kPa and 66 kPa, respectively.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)780 - 787
Number of pages8
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Geosynthetics
  • Geotextiles
  • Laboratory tests
  • Suction
  • Time dependence

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