Aortic pulse wave velocity improves cardiovascular event prediction: an individual participant meta-analysis of prospective observational data from 17,635 subjects

Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Melissa Spears, Chris Boustred, Margaret May, Simon G Anderson, Emelia J Benjamin, Pierre Boutouyrie, James Donald Cameron, Chen-Huan Chen, J Kennedy Cruickshank, Shih-Jen Hwang, Edward G Lakatta, Stephane Laurent, Joao Maldonado, Gary Mitchell, Samer Najjar, Anne B Newman, Mitsuru Ohishi, Bruno Pannier, Telmo PereiraRamachandran Vasan, Tomoki Shokawa, Kim Sutton-Tyrell, Francis Verbeke, Kang-Ling Wang, David J Webb, Tine Willum Hansen, Sophia Zoungas, Carmel M McEniery, John R Cockcroft, Ian Wilkinson

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Abstract

Objectives The goal of this study was to determine whether aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV) improves prediction of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events beyond conventional risk factors. Background Several studies have shown that aPWV may be a useful risk factor for predicting CVD, but they have been underpowered to examine whether this is true for different subgroups. Methods We undertook a systematic review and obtained individual participant data from 16 studies. Study-specific associations of aPWV with CVD outcomes were determined using Cox proportional hazard models and random effect models to estimate pooled effects. Results Of 17,635 participants, a total of 1,785 (10 ) had a CVD event. The pooled age- and sex-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) per 1-SD change in loge aPWV were 1.35 (95 confidence interval [CI]: 1.22 to 1.50; p <0.001) for coronary heart disease, 1.54 (95 CI: 1.34 to 1.78; p <0.001) for stroke, and 1.45 (95 CI: 1.30 to 1.61; p <0.001) for CVD. Associations stratified according to sex, diabetes, and hypertension were similar but decreased with age (1.89, 1.77, 1.36, and 1.23 for age =50, 51 to 60, 61 to 70, and >70 years, respectively; pinteraction
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)636 - 646
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume63
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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