Antiviral Activity and Structural Characteristics of the Nonglycosylated Central Subdomain of Human Respiratory Syncytial Virus Attachment (G) Glycoprotein

Jeffrey J. Gorman, Jennifer L. McKimm-Breschkin, Raymond S. Norton, Kevin J. Barnham

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Segments of the cystine noose-containing nonglycosylated central subdomain, residues 149-197, of the attachment (G) glycoprotein of human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) have been assessed for impact on the cytopathic effect (CPE) of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). N$-acetyl residues 149-197-amide (G149-197), G149-189, and G149-177 of the A2 strain of HRSV protected 50% of human epithelial HEp-2 cells from the CPE of the A2 strain at concentrations (IC50) between 5 and 80 μM. Cystine noose-containing peptides G171-197 and G173-197 did not inhibit the CPE even at concentrations above 150 μM. Systematic C- and N-terminal truncations from G149-189 and G149-177 and alanine substitutions within G154-177 demonstrated that residues 166-170 (EVFNF), within a sequence that is conserved in HRSV strains, were critical for inhibition. Concordantly, G154-177 of bovine RSV and of an antibody escape mutant of HRSV with residues 166-170 of QTLPY and EVSNP, respectively, were not inhibitory. Surprisingly, a variant of G154-177 with an E166A substitution had an IC50 of 750 nM. NMR analysis demonstrated that G149-177 adopted a well-defined conformation in solution, clustered around F168 and F170. G154-170, particularly EVFNF, may be important in binding of RSV to host cells. These findings constitute a promising platform for the development of antiviral agents for RSV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38988-38994
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number42
Publication statusPublished - 19 Oct 2001
Externally publishedYes

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