Antioxidants protect podocyte foot processes in puromycin aminonucleoside-treated rats

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Abstract

Whether a reduction in urinary protein excretion in rats coadministered puromycin aminonucleoside and antioxidants was associated with a reduction in alterations to glomerular epithelial cell (podocyte) ultrastructure was examined. Daily urinary protein excretion was measured in rats that received a single iv injection of saline or puromycin aminonucleoside with or without coadministration of antioxidants. The coadministration of α-tocopherol/ascorbic acid, dimethyl thiourea, or superoxide dismutase to puromycin aminonucleoside-treated rats reduced proteinuria by approximately 90, 40, and 60%, respectively, over the 18-day period studied. For a second group of rats, daily urinary protein excretion was measured and kidneys were processed for light microscopy and transmission and scanning electron microscopy 4, 5, and 10 days after injection. Transmission electron microscopic morphometric analysis of glomeruli from puromycin aminonucleoside-treated rats coadministered antioxidants revealed significantly reduced foot process effacement on Days, 4, 5, and 10 compared with rats that received puromycin aminonucleoside alone. Thus, at Day 10, puromycin aminonucleoside-treated rats coadministered α-tocopherol/ascorbic acid, dimethyl thiourea, or superoxide dismutase contained 90, 74, and 88% (P < 0.01 in all cases) more glomerular epithelial cell filtration slits per unit length of glomerular basement membrane than rats treated with puromycin aminonucleoside alone. In contrast, by scanning electron microscopy, the antioxidants were found to provide no protection against the changes occurring in glomerular epithelial cell bodies and major processes. These results provide further evidence of a role for reactive oxygen species in puromycin aminonucleoside nephrosis and indicate that the antioxidants provide protection against the changes occurring in glomerular epithelial cell foot processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1974-1986
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume4
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 1994
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Free radical
  • Glomerular disease
  • Glomerular epithelial cell
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Ultrastructure

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