Antioxidant activity of bioactive compounds extracted from Ampelopsis grossedentata leaves by optimized supercritical carbon dioxide

Le Ying, Ping Xu, Shuangru Huang, Yuefei Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO 2) extraction of bioactive compounds including flavonoids and phenolics from Ampelopsis grossedentata leaves was carried out. Extraction parameters such as pressure, temperature, dynamic time and modifier concentration, were optimized using an orthogonal array design of L 9 (3 4), and antioxidant activities of the extracts were assessed by 2,2-diiphenly-1- picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging assay and ferrous ion chelating (FIC) assay. Maximal yields of total flavonoids and phenolics were 5.99 and 3.26 mg GAE/g dry material, respectively, which were achieved under the optimal conditions of 200 bar, 50°C, 80 min and with a modifier of 95% ethanol. Moreover, results demonstrated that the obtained extract under optimized conditions showed the best DPPH radical scavenging ability, but an insignificant negative correlation (p > 0.05) was found between FIC and total flavonoid contents (TFC) or total phenolic contents (TPC) by Person correlation analysis. In addition, several unreported flavonoids have been detected in the extracts. These results indicate that SC-CO 2 could be a promising method for the extraction of bioactive compounds from Ampelopsis grossedentata leaves, and the extracts could act as different kinds of natural antioxidants and be applied in the food and pharmaceutical industry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4373-4381
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Medicinal Plants Research
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 9 Sept 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Ampelopsis grossedentata
  • Antioxidant activity
  • Bioactive compounds
  • Optimization
  • Orthogonal array
  • Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction

Cite this