Antihypertensive therapy in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Edgar Argulian, Franz H Messerli, Emad F. Aziz, Glenda Winson, Vikram Agarwal, Firas Kaddaha, Bette Kim, Mark V. Sherrid

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Patients with coexisting hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) and hypertension present diagnostic and therapeutic dilemmas. A retrospective cohort study of patients with HC with coexisting hypertension referred to a specialized HC program was conducted. HC and hypertension were confirmed by strict criteria. Echocardiographic data were reviewed for peak instantaneous left ventricular outflow tract gradients, at rest and with provocation. Symptom control, left ventricular outflow tract gradients, and hypertension control were compared between the first and last visits. One hundred fifteen patients (94 obstructed and 21 nonobstructed) met the eligibility criteria for the study and were included in the analysis, with the mean follow-up duration of 36 months. Because of the treatment strategy, there was a significant decrease in the number of patients treated with direct vasodilators and an increase in the use of β blockers and disopyramide. Twenty-one obstructed patients (22%) required septal reduction therapy. Overall, in obstructed patients, peak instantaneous left ventricular outflow tract gradient at rest decreased from 48 to 14 mm Hg (p <0.01), which was accompanied by significant improvement in functional class (2.4 vs 1.8, p <0.01). The prevalence of uncontrolled hypertension decreased from 56% at the initial visit to 37% at the last visit (p = 0.01). The cohort had a low rate of adverse cardiovascular outcomes such as death, acute coronary syndromes, and stroke. In conclusion, the present study demonstrates that stepwise, symptom-oriented therapy is feasible and effective in patients with coexisting HC and hypertension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1040-1045
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume111
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2013
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Argulian, E., Messerli, F. H., Aziz, E. F., Winson, G., Agarwal, V., Kaddaha, F., Kim, B., & Sherrid, M. V. (2013). Antihypertensive therapy in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. American Journal of Cardiology, 111(7), 1040-1045. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2012.12.026