The cytotoxic lymphocyte (CL) protease GrB (GrB) is elevated in the plasma of individuals with diseases that elicit a CL-mediated immune response. Given the recently-recognized ability of GrB to cleave extracellular matrix proteins, we examined the effect of GrB on the pro-hemostatic molecule von Willebrand factor (VWF). GrB delays ristocetin-induced platelet aggregation, and inhibits platelet adhesion and spreading on immobilised VWF under static conditions. It efficiently cleaves VWF at two sites within the A1-3 domains which are essential for the VWF-platelet interaction. Like the VWF regulatory proteinase ADAMTS-13, GrB-mediated cleavage is dependent upon VWF conformation. In vitro, GrB cannot cleave the VWF conformer found in solution but cleavage is induced when VWF is artificially unfolded or presented as a matrix. GrB cleaves VWF with comparable efficiency to ADAMTS-13 and rapidly processes ultra-large VWF multimers released from activated endothelial cells under physiological shear. GrB also cleaves the matrix form of fibrinogen at several sites. These studies suggest extracellular GrB may help control localized coagulation during inflammation.
|Pages (from-to)||22498 - 22504|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|